Latin:  Viburnum opulus

Family:  Caprifoliaceae  (Adoxaceae)

Parts Used:  Bark  (occ. fruit and leaves)

Taste/Energetics:  Bitter, cooling, pungent

Properties:  Antispasmodic, anxiolytic, analgesic, hypotensive, astringent, sedative, diuretic

Actions:  This is one of my go-to herbs for many different preparations.  Like it sounds it is primarily useful as an anti-spasmodic so it is helpful for cramps, muscle and headache tension and pain, abdominal distress, restless legs and bronchial spasms and coughing.  Beyond that it has a distinct relaxant effect that makes it useful for anxiety and sleep formulas, especially where there is noted physical cramping and tension.   It has a nice hypotensive quality as well that makes it useful in formulas for hypertension.  Cramp bark finds its way into my tincture formulas for sleep, pain and anxiety.  A wonderful herb.

Dosage:  I prefer this herb as a tincture as the taste is so bitter as to be fairly unpalatable in a decoction.  It is mainly useful as a symptomatic relief herb used for short periods of time as it rather strong in effect.  2-4 ML of tincture as needed.  If it is taken in tea form,  its best to add other tastier herbs such as licorice and burdock to complement the bitter taste.   As decoction, 2-4 tsp to 1 pint of water simmered at low heat for 40 minutes.  It is also useful in syrups where its very bitter taste is somewhat masked by a sweetener.

Contraindications:  Avoid with sedative psych drugs (Benzodiazapenes, Z-drugs and antipsychotics, avoid in elderly, children and infirm, avoid with blood thinners.) follow site short essay about parents enter thesis statement examples for beloved price of diflucan viagra vs levitra vs cialis side effects writing znc modules do my popular critical analysis essay how can i get back deleted emails on my iphone enter site is there colchicine in the uae order viagra in canada online click here college applications essay prompts free cialis samples follow link students uniforms essay enter follow click long term use of viagra follow url the value of life essay go site thesis writer crossword clue canadian pharmacy viagra mastercard research paper grading rubric get link Further Reading:  

Cramp bark monograph  by Rosalee de la Foret