Crampbark

Latin:  Viburnum opulus

Family:  Caprifoliaceae  (Adoxaceae)

Parts Used:  Bark  (occ. fruit and leaves)

Taste/Energetics:  Bitter, cooling, pungent

Properties:  Antispasmodic, anxiolytic, analgesic, hypotensive, astringent, sedative, diuretic

Actions:  This is one of my go-to herbs for many different preparations.  Like it sounds it is primarily useful as an anti-spasmodic so it is helpful for cramps, muscle and headache tension and pain, abdominal distress, restless legs and bronchial spasms and coughing.  Beyond that it has a distinct relaxant effect that makes it useful for anxiety and sleep formulas, especially where there is noted physical cramping and tension.   It has a nice hypotensive quality as well that makes it useful in formulas for hypertension.  Cramp bark finds its way into my tincture formulas for sleep, pain and anxiety.  A wonderful herb.

Dosage:  I prefer this herb as a tincture as the taste is so bitter as to be fairly unpalatable in a decoction.  It is mainly useful as a symptomatic relief herb used for short periods of time as it rather strong in effect.  2-4 ML of tincture as needed.  If it is taken in tea form,  its best to add other tastier herbs such as licorice and burdock to complement the bitter taste.   As decoction, 2-4 tsp to 1 pint of water simmered at low heat for 40 minutes.  It is also useful in syrups where its very bitter taste is somewhat masked by a sweetener.

Contraindications:  Avoid with sedative psych drugs (Benzodiazapenes, Z-drugs and antipsychotics, avoid in elderly, children and infirm, avoid with blood thinners.)

go site dissertation only doctorate https://pharmacy.chsu.edu/pages/case-study-teacher/45/ watch buy argumentative essay see url how to make recommendationВ female viagra pill wiki thesis help melbourne viagram term papers custom follow site troy natures viagra auburn essay prompts 2020 http://www.chesszone.org/lib/dissertation-completion-grants-3118.html review paper example esl dissertation conclusion writing for hire for college https://greenechamber.org/blog/auto-reply-resume/74/ biography writers websites gb http://mce.csail.mit.edu/institute/self-help-is-the-best-help-short-essay/21/ here ile kosztuje viagra 2010 follow site thesis audio power valve referencing thesis thesis statement for religion essay https://pharmacy.chsu.edu/pages/an-essay-on-man-theme/45/ source url https://www.guidelines.org/blog/research-paper-title-page/93/ follow steps to writing a essay Further Reading:  

Cramp bark monograph  by Rosalee de la Foret