Latin:  Pinus (various species)

Family:  Pinaceae

Parts Used:  Needles

Taste/Energetics:  Aromatic, warming, drying

Properties:  Circulatory stimulant, expectorant, antimicrobial

Actions:  There are a variety of pines and they generally have similar properties of stimulating circulation and helping to move stagnant fluids and phlegm that is stuck.  Along with its antimicrobial properties, that makes pine useful for longstanding chronic pulmonary infections where it feels hard to cough up that last gunk.  Pine essential oil is used in a number of formulas for its stimulating uplifting quality that makes it helpful for stuck, morose melancholy.

Dosage:  Dried needles 2-4 grams standard infusion.  Standard dosage as essential oil.  

Contraindications:   Standard essential oil warnings.